Screen printing, silk screen printing and what's in between
Screen printing or silkscreen printing is an ancient classical printing technique for copying an image into various flat surfaces: textiles, paper, glass, wood, plastic, metal and more.
Originally the technique came from the East, the first to make use of it was the Chinese who created stencils from banana leaves that they attached to wooden frames with human hair.
It was the Japanese who first woven the net from silk threads and from there the common and popular name of the silkscreen technique.
Today the screen is made of polyester fibers and stretched on an aluminum frame that replaced the wooden mesh. The technique is used mainly in the textile industry, signage, and electrical circuit boards.
In the 70s of the 20th century, the artist Andy Warhol used the technique to print the famous prints of cultural icons during Pop Art.
Hamelaha Workshop aims to preserve, promote and develop classic printing techniques and to bring together an amateur and professional audience alike.
Basic concepts Silk pattern:
- Printing Screen: A frame (usually and preferably of aluminum) on which the printing mesh is stretched. The mesh is made of polyester and comes in different densities according to the type of material printed and the details of the details in the image
- Emulsion: Photographic material that is sensitive to light and is used to seal the printing mesh and create the stencil in light exposure
- Squeegee: Used to transfer paint through the screen to the surface, the wiper handle is made of wood or aluminum and the mop Itself made of hard silicone. There are different types of Squeegees and different levels of difficulty according to the printed substrate
- Color / Paste: Pasta is the medium/base based on acrylic containing adhesives and used mainly for printing Textiles and various fabrics.
- Transparent Paste: Medium on a transparent basis designed for printing on bright fabrics, with this pasta can be printed Layering works, with overlapping colors creating additional colors, For example, a transparent color between transparent blue and transparent yellow will produce a third color - green
- Opaque pasta: Medium on an opaque/milky basis intended mainly for printing on dark fabrics or for obtaining textures And overlays in an overlay
- Inflatable pasta: Yes, there is such a thing and it is amazing! In response to heat the color swells over the surface of the fabric To create a highlighted print - puff
- Foil / Fluke: Special foil that can be delivered to the fabric using heat and printing of special glue Comes in a variety of metallic colors and velvet texture.
Ahh.. There is no difference between screen printing and silkscreen printing :)
silkscreen printing remains the popular name of the technique since ancient China